Archaeology

In recent years the curriculum of the annual Fr. James MacDyer Archaeology School, now in existence for over 30 years, focuses on attracting the new participants as well as those students who wish to return to study in greater depth. National Geographic recently named Gleann Cholm Cille as one of the Top 10 Historic Sites on the island of Ireland.

Notice

Archaeology Summer School 2017

Gleann Cholm Cille (The Valley of St Columba) and the nearby valleys in southwest Donegal contain some of the most interesting prehistoric and early historic structures in Ireland (some would argue, in Europe). Monuments from the early Neolithic (c. 4000BC) onwards are dotted across this beautiful and informative landscape; among them the huge dolmens at Malinmore and the great court-tombs at Clochán Mór and Farranmacbride. The previous name of the valley – Senglenn ('the old glen') – was very apt.

But in medieval times (roughly AD500-1600) that name was changed to honour one of Ireland's best-loved saints: Colmcille (in Irish) or Columba (in Latin). Legends and folkore claim that the saint (c. AD520-593) came to the valley and founded a church there. An important legacy from that Christianisation is the surviving cluster of stone cross-slabs (some probably dating to around AD800) and other early ecclesiastical features around the valley. Another legacy is the famous turas ('pilgrimage') made around those sites; primarily on 9 June, the day the saint died – his feast-day.

This Summer School, based in such an appropriate location, is aimed at adults with an interest in the archaeology and ancient history of Ireland. No previous knowledge is required; merely a curiosity and a willingness to participate in outdoor sessions, studying the evidence of the monuments in their context. Apart from the local monuments, the course will provide an introduction to the archaeology of Ireland in general. A sub-theme is the 'Christianisation of the Irish landscape' and the process by which pagan Celtic Ireland converted to a vibrant Christian culture.

Day-time classes are held at the monuments, except for one day when there'll be visits to sites outside the glen. There'll also be various evening activities – especially a number of background lectures – and, of course, time to enjoy the other attractions for which the glen is famous.

Please note: Participants are advised to have proper rain-gear and strong walking boots.

Programme

SundayIntroduction
Short introductory walk
Illustrated lecture by Brian Lacey: 'The context of Gleann Cholm Cille in Irish archaeology'

MondaySite visits (10:00-17:00)
Prehistoric sites at Malinmore and Farranmacbride

TuesdaySite visits (10:00-15:00)
Braade ringfort; Great Stone Forts of Doonalt and Dooneany; Doonalt cross-slab on Turas Chonaill
Illustrated Lecture on a theme associated with the course

WednesdaySite visits (10:00-18:00)
Daylong tour to sites outside the valley
Among the sites we hope to see are: Inishkeel ecclesiastical island; Kilclooney Portal-Tomb; Kilrean early church site, and other sites on route

ThursdaySite visits (10:00-16:00)
The Court-tombs at Bavan, Shalwy and Croaghbeg; St. Ciaran’s Well, bullaun stone
Lecture by Dr Fiona Beglane: ‘An oasis in the desert: the archaeology of the early ecclesiastical site at Dísert, Co. Donegal’

FridaySite visits (10:00-15:00)
The 'stations' on the Turas Cholmcille at Beefan, Farranmacbride, Straid, Cloghan and Drum
Debriefing session - 'What did we learn this week?'

Summer School Director

The 2017 Summer School will be directed by Dr Brian Lacey who has been researching the archaeology and early history of Counties Donegal and Derry for 40 years. A former university lecturer and museum director in Derry, he oversaw the archaeological survey of Donegal (1979-83). His particular specialism is the lore of St Colmcille. He has published 14 books and many research papers.

Background to the Summer School

The Gleann Cholm Cille archaeology summer school was established in 1973 by Fr James McDyer with Prof. Michael Herity, University College Dublin, acting as director. Fr McDyer extolled the abundance of archaeological riches in Donegal thus: ‘Rarely has the uncouth hand been raised to deface the monuments here. Never has the march of progress been allowed to brush them irreverently aside’. Prof. Herity served as director until 2015. He sadly passed away last year (2016) on 22 January. ‘Suaimhneas síoraí ar a anam’.